With the coronavirus pandemic evolving so quickly, we must all do what we can to slow the spread of the virus. The health and safety of Indiana residents and our community is our priority, and we are closely monitoring updates from the WHO, CDC, NIH, and state health department.
The Brain Injury Association of Indiana remains available to speak and assist during this time. We will continue to assist and advocate for individuals with brain injury and their supports, provide support through our National Brain Injury Information Center, educate professionals to improve the quality of care, and seek cures for chronic brain injury through research.
We understand the impact that COVID-19 has on the communities we serve. We wanted to provide you with local and national information and resource links and support to assist, both in instrumental ways and for overall wellness.
Child Care Assistance
Indiana Assistance Programs
Information and Assistance
Coping with COVID-19- A Resource Toolkit for Patient and Family– Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana: https://www.rhirehab.com/media/1933/coping-with-covid-19-kit-for-patient-and-families-apr-2020.pdf
COVID-19: Spinal Cord Injury and Brain Injury– Craig Neurorehabilitation and Research Hospital: https://craighospital.org/blog/covid-19-spinal-cord-injury-and-brain-injury
Q&A: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)- Shepherd Center: https://news.shepherd.org/qa-coronavirus-disease-2019-covid-19/
Mental Health Considerations During the COVID-19 Outbreak- Indiana State Department of Health: https://www.coronavirus.in.gov/files/IN_COVID-19_MentalHealth_03.13.20%20(1).pdf
Stress and Coping: Centers for Disease Control (CDC): https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/managing-stress-anxiety.html
COVID-19 Resource and Information Guide- National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI): https://nami.org/covid-19-guide
Mental Health and COVID-19 – Information and Resources- Mental Health America: https://mhanational.org/covid19
Indiana State Community Mental Health Centers Listing– Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Indiana Family & Social Services Administration: https://www.in.gov/fssa/dmha/files/DMHA_SOFs_and_CMHCs.pdf
COVID-19 is caused by a coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in people and may different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people. This occurred with MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV, and now with the virus that causes COVID-19. More information about the source and spread of COVID-19 is available on the Situation Summary: Source and Spread of the Virus.
The virus that causes COVID-19 is thought to spread mainly from person to person, mainly through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. Spread is more likely when people are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
COVID-19 seems to be spreading easily and sustainably in the community (“community spread”) in many affected geographic areas. Community spread means people have been infected with the virus in an area, including some who are not sure how or where they became infected.
Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses.
The number of cases of COVID-19 being reported in the United States is rising due to increased laboratory testing and reporting across the country. The growing number of cases in part reflects the rapid spread of COVID-19 as many U.S. states and territories experience community spread. More detailed and accurate data will allow us to better understand and track the size and scope of the outbreak and strengthen prevention and response efforts.
The virus that causes COVID-19 is spreading from person-to-person. People are thought to be most contagious when they are symptomatic (the sickest). That is why CDC recommends that these patients be isolated either in the hospital or at home (depending on how sick they are) until they are better and no longer pose a risk of infecting others. More recently the virus has also been detected in asymptomatic persons.
How long someone is actively sick can vary so the decision on when to release someone from isolation is made using a test-based or non-test-based strategy (i.e. time since illness started and time since recovery) in consultation with state and local public health officials. The decision involves considering the specifics of each situation, including disease severity, illness signs and symptoms, and the results of laboratory testing for that patient.
Learn more about CDC’s guidance on when to release someone from isolation and discharge hospitalized patients with COVID-19. For information on when someone who has been sick with COVID-19 is able to stop home isolation see Interim Guidance for Discontinuation of In-Home Isolation for Patients with COVID-19.
Someone who has been released from isolation is not considered to pose a risk of infection to others.
Quarantine means separating a person or group of people who have been exposed to a contagious disease but have not developed illness (symptoms) from others who have not been exposed, in order to prevent the possible spread of that disease. Quarantine is usually established for the incubation period of the communicable disease, which is the span of time during which people have developed illness after exposure. For COVID-19, the period of quarantine is 14 days from the last date of exposure because the incubation period for this virus is 2 to 14 days. Someone who has been released from COVID-19 quarantine is not considered a risk for spreading the virus to others because they have not developed illness during the incubation period.
Coronaviruses are generally thought to be spread from person to person through respiratory droplets. Currently, there is no evidence to support transmission of COVID-19 associated with food. Before preparing or eating food it is important to always wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds for general food safety. Throughout the day use a tissue to cover your coughing or sneezing, and wash your hands after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing, or going to the bathroom.
It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object, like a packaging container, that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.
In general, because of poor survivability of these coronaviruses on surfaces, there is likely very low risk of spread from food products or packaging.
Learn what is known about the spread of COVID-19.
Based on information about this novel coronavirus thus far, it seems unlikely that COVID-19 can be transmitted through food – additional investigation is needed.
It is not yet known whether weather and temperature affect the spread of COVID-19. Some other viruses, like those that cause the common cold and flu, spread more during cold weather months but that does not mean it is impossible to become sick with these viruses during other months. There is much more to learn about the transmissibility, severity, and other features associated with COVID-19 and investigations are ongoing.
Community spread means people have been infected with the virus in an area, including some who are not sure how or where they became infected.